What To Do If Alerted

Emergency Alerts

If You Are Alerted
  • Remember that hearing a siren or tone alert radio does not mean you should evacuate. It means you should promptly turn to an EAS station to determine whether it is only a test or an actual emergency.
  • Tune to your local radio or television station for information. The warning siren could mean a nuclear power plant emergency or the sirens could be used as a warning for tornado, fire, flood, chemical spill, etc.
  • Check on your neighbors.
  • Do not call 911. Special rumor control numbers and information will be provided to the public for a nuclear power plant emergency, either during the EAS message, in the utilities' public information brochure, or both.
  • In a nuclear power plant emergency, you may be advised to go indoors and, if so, to close all windows, doors, chimney dampers, other sources of outside air, and turn off forced air heating and cooling equipment, etc.

If You Are Advised to Evacuate the Area

    Stay calm and do not rush
  • Listen to emergency information
  • Close and lock windows and doors
  • Turn off air conditioning, vents, fans, and furnace
  • Close fire place dampers

Take a few items with you. Gather personal items you or your family might need:

  • Flash light and extra batteries
  • Portable, battery operated radio and extra batteries
  • First aid kit and manual
  • Emergency food and water
  • Essential medicines
  • Cash and credit cards

Use your own transportation or make arrangements to ride with a neighbor. Public transportation should be available for those who have not made arrangements. Keep car windows and air vents closed and listen to an EAS radio station.

Follow the evacuation routes provided. If you need a place to stay, congregate care information will be provided.

If Advised to remain at Home

  • Bring pets inside.
  • Close and lock windows and doors
  • Turn off air conditioning, vents, fans and furnace
  • Close fireplace dampers
  • Go to the basement or other underground area
  • Stay inside until authorities say it is safe

When Coming In From Outdoors

  • Shower and change clothing and shoes
  • Put items worn outdoors in a plastic bag and seal it.
  • Remember your neighbors may require special assistance--infants, elderly people, and people with disabilities.

School Evacuations

If an incident involving an actual or potential radiological release occurs, consideration is given to the safety of the children. If an emergency is declared, students in the 10-mile emergency planning zone will be relocated to designated facilities in a safe area. Usually, as a precautionary measure, school children are relocated prior to the evacuation of the general public.

For Farmers and Home Gardeners

If a radiological incident occurs at the nuclear facility, periodic information concerning the safety of farm and home grown products will be provided. Information on actions you can take to protect crops and livestock is available from your agricultural extension agent.


  • Normal harvesting and processing may still be possible if time permits. Unharvested crops are hard to protect.
  • Crops already harvested should be stored inside if possible.
  • Wash and peel vegetables and fruits before use if they were not already harvested.


  • Provide as much shelter as possible. Take care of milk-producing animals.
  • Provide plenty of food and water and make sure shelters are well-ventilated. Use stored feed and water, when possible.

ani_red.gif - 1.0 KFact Sheet: Nuclear Power Plant Emergency
ani_red.gif - 1.0 KWhat is Radiation?
ani_red.gif - 1.0 KThree Ways to Minimize Radiation Exposure
ani_red.gif - 1.0 KEmergency Classification Levels
ani_red.gif - 1.0 KEmergency Alerts
ani_red.gif - 1.0 KPreparing for a Nuclear Power Plant Emergency
ani_red.gif - 1.0 KWhat You Can Do to Stay Informed