FRANKLIN COUNTY EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
PREPAREDNESS MEASURES FOR SCHOOLS
AND CHILD CARE CENTERS
Schools, colleges and child care facilities need to prepare for
a major disaster. In such an event, administrators and teachers
will have to be self-sufficient--relying on their own resources
to care for students and others until outside help is available
days later. Schools, child care facilities, children and parents
all need more information and education on preparedness measures.
Here are a few things you may want to consider.
Things To Do:
- Conduct a "hazard hunt" to find non-structural hazards
in classrooms and offices.
- Secure and anchor equipment and furniture-- including bookshelves,
cabinets, computers, typewriters, water heaters, other gas appliances
and lab equipment that may present a threat during an earthquake.
- Encourage all staff and students to participate in the planning
process and to prepare a disaster plan for their families.
- Send information home to parents on the facility's emergency
policies and procedures.
- Update information on "emergency notification cards."
- Conduct in-service training workshops on first aid, shelter
management, damage assessment and other related topics for the
- Dedicate a special class or assembly to address the effects
of disasters and the importance of proper preparation.
- Display preparedness information in high traffic areas.
- Assemble preparedness kits which include important safety
information and first aid supplies.
- Know the safest place in each room. Identify the locations
of all exits, utility shut-off valves/switches, and storage sites
for emergency supplies and equipment.
- Know how, where and when to evacuate.
- Conduct drills to test emergency plans and procedures. Make
sure you test communications systems, evacuation plans, search
and rescue activities and first aid techniques.
- Conduct fund-raising activities to raise money for preparedness
supplies and equipment.
- Infants will not understand or respond to emergency
instructions. Therefore, you should place special emphasis on
ensuring their environment is as safe as possible. For example,
cribs should be placed away from untreated windows and tall unsecured
bookcases and shelves that may slide or topple. At a minimum,
store a three day supply of water, juices, formula, diapers, food,
and clothing, Use strollers, wagons, and cribs with wheels to
transport infants if evacuation is necessary.
- Toddlers may be able to understand simple emergency
instructions. Some staff instruct younger children to take the
drop, cover and hold position by using the command, "kiss
your knees." Besides the supplies mentioned for infants,
it is also a good idea to have plenty of toys available and activities
planned to occupy their attention. Maintain an extra supply of
diapers even though your toddlers may be potty trained.
- Children with special needs require all of the above,
plus additional assistance. Include provisions in your plan for
extra staff, parents and older children to help.