include not only an eruption of a mountain and
associated lava flows, but also ashfall and debris
flows. If you are near a mountain range, be familiar
with the following.
Before a volcanic
- Plan ahead. Have emergency supplies, food
and water stored.
- Plan an evacuation route away from rivers or
streams that may carry mud or debris flow.
- Keep a battery operated radio available at
- If there is an eruption predicted, monitor
the radio, TV or NOAA Weather Radio for
- Follow the advice given by the authorities.
After a volcanic
- Evacuate if advised to do so.
- Be prepared to stay indoors and avoid
downwind areas if ashfall is predicted.
- Do not approach the eruption area.
- Be aware of stream and river channels when
- Move toward higher ground if mudflows are
Be prepared for ashfall
generated from volcanoes:
- Have dust masks available.
- Close doors, windows and dampers. Place damp
towels at door thresholds and other draft
- Put stoppers in tops of your drainpipes.
- Protect dust-sensitive electronics.
- Keep roofs free of ash in excess of 4
- Remove outdoor clothing before entering a
- Wash vegetables from the garden before
- If ash is in the water, let it settle before
- Use a battery-operated radio to receive
- Keep children and pets indoors.
- Minimize travel — ash may be harmful to
- Frequently change oil and air filters in